About Green Light Lincoln
“Green Light Lincoln” is an initiative by the City of Lincoln Traffic Engineering Division to improve traffic flow and traffic safety citywide. The focus is to improve the safety and efficiency of the overall traffic management system. Motorists in every corner of the community will see reduced congestion and ease of travel due to prioritization and implementation of several key components of the Traffic Management Master Plan.
The continued deployment of Green Light Lincoln will result in vast improvements to the overall traffic signal system, and numerous projects with high benefit/cost ratios. Key benefits of this initiative are wide reaching and include:
Reduce the number
& severity of crashes
Reduce travel times,
delays & stops
emissions & pollutants
Reduce fuel consumption
for savings at the pump
Smooth traffic flow &
reduce driver frustration
Delay the need for major
street widening projects
In order to make signal equipment and signal timing upgrades at the 420-plus signalized intersections across the City, implementation will occur through multiple phases. Phases 1 and 2 are complete. Phase 3 has begun and will be completed in 2019.
Green Light Lincoln upgrades include improvements to the following traffic signal system elements:
New Intersection Detection Systems
The majority of traffic signals have equipment (“detectors”) that tells a computer when traffic arrives at the intersection, so that traffic can be given a green light. Detecting arriving vehicles can be achieved in a variety of ways, but some are more reliable than others. Some previous practices are not necessarily the most cost effective or reliable means of providing detection over the life of the traffic signal. The current standard detection practice in the City is using inductive loops. Inductive loops require a ‘coil’ of wire to be placed in a sawcut or under the concrete. When a vehicle enters the magnetic field of the loop, it places a “call” into the computer telling the intersection that a car is present. Potholes, pavement damage and even seasonal changes where the concrete or asphalt contracts and expands can cause the loop wires to be broken. When the coil of wire is cut or broken, it tells the computer that there is always a vehicle present even if it is not. This results in the intersection calling up the green or holding it too long for no reason.
The City has begun using more advanced technology, using cameras and radar detection equipment, along with placing all inductive loops under newly poured concrete. We no longer allow inductive loops to be sawcut into the concrete.
New Signal Displays and Signal Phasing Alternatives
The City will reevaluate the use and installation of protected left-turn movements (solid green left-turn arrows), and when those movements will be served to better accommodate flow for oncoming traffic. Cycle lengths (the time from the start of green on your street until your green starts again) will be evaluated to better clear the left-turn movements. Flashing Yellow Arrows, which are becoming the new nationwide standard, will be used more frequently.
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Deployment
ITS equipment is extremely helpful for making adjustments to the signal system. Installing more Pan-Tilt-Zoom (PTZ) cameras, bluetooth devices, Wi-Fi devices, and dynamic message signs (DMS) lend support to making quicker and more efficient changes to the system as traffic conditions warrant.
Traffic Monitoring and Incident Management Capability Improvements
The city constructed a new Operation Center to better administer this new technology and provide quicker and more efficient responses to various incidents and events throughout the city.
Phases 1 and 2 of Green Light Lincoln included traffic signal equipment and signal timing upgrades. Annual benefits resulting from signal timing and equipment upgrades include the following performance measures:
Phase 1 was finalized in February 2018 and Phase 2 was finalized in February 2019. Work included upgrades along the following streets:
- 27th Street
- 40th Street
- 48th Street
- 56th Street
- 70th Street
- 84th Street
- “A” Street
- Antelope Valley Parkway
- Capitol Parkway/Normal Boulevard
- Cornhusker Highway
- Nebraska Highway 2
- “O” Street
- Old Cheney Road
- Pine Lake Road
- South Street
- Superior Street/Havelock Avenue
- Vine Street
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) recommends that signal timings be updated every five years. Based on the FHWA’s recommendation and assumptions, Green Light Lincoln is expected to deliver these benefits annually. Total annual savings resulting from Phases 1 and 2 are expected to be $17.6 million.
The resulting benefit-to-cost ratio is 16:1.
Travel time runs were performed to calculate the above performance measures. To learn more, watch the side-by-side video comparison of travel time runs on “O” Street before and after Green Light Lincoln signal timing and equipment upgrades.
Phase 3 of Green Light Lincoln focuses on the downtown Central Business District and adjacent signals south of downtown. Equipment upgrades will include standardizing signal displays, incorporating flashing yellow arrows where applicable, and upgrading traffic signal cabinets to accommodate current and future technology upgrades. Improvements can be expected at more than 80 signalized locations encompassing 240 blocks from 8th to 17th streets, between “A” and “Q” streets. These improvements will help ensure that all modes of transportation (walking, biking, riding the bus or driving) can safely and consistently arrive at destinations.
Work will include upgrades along the following streets:
- 8th and “N” streets
- 9th Street, “A” to “Q” streets
- 10th Street, “A” to “Q” streets
- 11th Street, “J” to “Q” streets
- 12th Street, “J” to “Q” streets
- 13th Street, “A” to “Q” streets
- 14th Street, “J” to “Q” streets
- Centennial Mall, “K” to “P” streets
- 16th Street, “A” to “Q” streets
- 17th Street, “A” to “Q” streets
Frequently Asked Questions
- When did this project start?
Green Light Lincoln kicked off January 1, 2016. Implementation of Phases 1 and 2 is complete, and Phase 3 is underway in 2019.
- Why can’t we flash the lights at night like other cities?
The use of late night (off-peak) flashing operations was evaluated as part of previous phases.
As it currently stands, Lincoln does not implement late night (off-peak) flashing schedules for the signals. The industry has leaned away from this in recent years, based upon recommendations from Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) regarding safety concerns.
It comes down to a benefit/cost issue. The bottom line is there will be many updates to signal operations resulting from Green Light Lincoln, but they will be data driven, and based upon best practices, and latest industry standards.
- Why are we changing to flashing yellow arrows?
These signals are being introduced nationwide because of their safety and operational benefits. A national study conducted by the Federal Highway Administration demonstrated that the flashing yellow arrow helps reduce left-turning crashes by up to 25 percent, moves traffic through an intersection more efficiently, and provides more flexibility in traffic management. More information about the new signal system is available in the Traffic Signal Guide (262 K) .
- Will you adjust the signal timing during road construction projects?
With the use of the new Intelligent Transportation System devices, we will be better equipped to monitor and make any needed adjustments to the signal timing as street conditions change. Being able to control the signals from the new Operations Center will make many different adjustments possible.
- Why don’t all the pedestrian lights count down?
Walk, countdown, and flashing “Don't Walk” signals are installed depending on the width of intersections and number of pedestrians crossings. Installing those signals is data driven because they can impact traffic movement through an intersection. The countdown crosswalk signals typically stop traffic longer, which is not optimal for every intersection. Alternatively, by installing pedestrian pushbuttons, we can more efficiently give the green time to the majority of the traffic and still serve pedestrian crossing needs when they are present.
- Are signals timed with other signals on intersecting corridors so a driver turning off one street does not immediately get stopped at a nearby red light on the other street?
It depends on the situation and traffic volumes. Most times we set coordination plans for the mainline or through movements on each street. When both streets are coordinated, turning onto a new street puts you in the non-coordinated portion of that street. You would typically get a red light at the next signal, but would then be back in coordination when it turns green. At certain locations where there are very high left- or right-turn volumes off a side street, we will time cross-street signals to account for that.
- Are the detection cameras used for automated enforcement?
Automated enforcement is not allowed under Nebraska law and the cameras being employed for traffic detection do not have this capability. They can identify vehicles of various sizes and pedestrians, but do not monitor red lights or speeding. The cameras are also not regularly recorded, so the City cannot provide video as evidence when crashes occur.
It’s GO Time!